Discipline: Social Studies 

Grade Level:6th grade 

Course: World Cultures/Geography 

©Literacy Design Collaborative. September 2011

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Why Canadians Live Where They Live: The Impact of Geography on Population Density in Canada.
  • Student Work Samples
    • Student work samples: Include examples of student work to represent each performance level on the teaching task.


      Essay 1:

      Today there are certain places that population density is high and where it is low. The thing that most influences population density is climate. If the climate is a warm moderate climate then people want to live there. If the climate is cold people won't have a good living environment. In Canada there are many different climates and they influence the population density.

      There are certain places in Canada where the population density is high. The high population density in Canada is along the border with the United States. The climate is moderate and since it is people can grow crops to sell and make a living. Another place population density is high is along the coast. The climate is moderate and there is a good living environment. The coast is a warm enough climate for sea life to live so the people along the coast can fish and make a living. Another thing that this offers is good trade routes. If the climate is harsh it is hard to travel from one coast to another. As you can see a warm climate effects the population density.

      In Canada low population density is very common. The reason is because most of Canada is tundra and rock. In the northern part of Canada the population density is very low. The icy tundra is very hard to live in because it is blistering cold. You might be walking and then run into a big glacier. The whole place is a big ice block. You can't farm and it is very hard to trade. Another place population density is low because of climate is the Canadian shield. The Canadian Shield is a big rigged rock and it's extremely cold. Even though it has great natural resources such as lumber and minerals, the climate is so cold that you don't even want to go there. The last place population density is low is around the Hudson Bay. Because the climate is cold like I said NOBODY WANTS TO LIVE THERE!!! Since nobody wants to live there then there will be no workers for factories. If there are no factories then companies can't make their product. It is an endless chain of reasons.

      In Australia and South America it is the same way. Instead of it being too cold, it is usually too hot. The Atacoma desert of South America is so hot and is so dry that you can't grow anything and since it is incredibly hot no one can live there (without air conditioning). As before if the climate is warm and wet people and nature can live. One place that is a good example of this is the beautiful country of Brazil located at the eastern side of South America. Here the climate is amazing! People live there because there is great soil for growing crops, because the climate is warm and wet. As you can see the same kind characteristics influence South America.

      South America and Canada as you can see are not that different when you are talking population density. They both have those barren wastelands and those beautiful places that you can bathe in the sun.... not really.


      Essay 2:

      I wonder why population density is low in northern Canada and high in southern Canada. Oh yeah, it's because of the climate. Climate is one characteristic that effects the population density of Canada in a good or bad way. Around the Hudson Bay has a very low population density while along the US border has high population density, all because of the climate in those places. Canada isn't the only place that suffers from climate issues. Southern South America has a very low population density because of climate. Now let's see why the climate is such a big deal.

      Around the Hudson Bay has a very low population density because of many reasons involving its cold climate. It is so cold that it is full of glaciers. One of the reasons is farming. People make a living by trading what they grow on their farms. Can you grow crops when it is freezing cold? No, you can't grow crops in freezing cold weather. Another reason why having a bad climate can affect you is because people don't want to live there. Without people, factories won't have any one to work. That's why cold climates are not good if you want a high population density.

      On the other hand, around the US border has a high population density because of its mild climate. Because it is warm, people can farm. Another reason that explains why the climate matters is that the roads are better for driving when it is warm because there isn't as much ice and snow. The last reason why a warm climate is good is because people want to live there. That means that people will have workers for their factory. Now you know why a mild climate gives you a high population density. Another place that has problems with the population density because of the climate is South America. The population density is very low in the southern part of South America because of how cold it is. If you look to see where South America is, you will see that the southern part of South America is very close to the South Pole. That explains why it is so cold, and, as I said before, no one wants to live where it is very cold.

      Population density of an area is mainly effected by the climate of the area. If it is too cold or too hot then no one will live there. Also, if it is too cold, people can't have factories because they won't have any one to work for them. The last reason why the climate is so important is that crops can't grow in freezing cold weather. These are the reasons why the population density is effected mainly by climate.

  • Argumentation Assessment Rubric
    • Meets Expectations


      Addresses the prompt and stays on task; provides a generally convincing response.


      Demonstrates generally effective use of reading material to develop an argument.

      Controlling Idea

      Establishes a credible claim, and supports an argument that is logical and generally convincing.

      (L2) Acknowledges competing arguments while defending the claim.


      Develops reasoning to support claim; provides evidence from text in the form of examples or explanations relevant to the argument.

      (L3) Makes a relevant connection(s) that supports argument.


      Applies an appropriate text structure to address specific requirements of the prompt.


      Demonstrates a command of standard English conventions and cohesion; employs language and tone appropriate to audience and purpose.

      Not Yet


      Attempts to address prompt but lacks focus or is off- task.


      Demonstrates weak use of reading material to develop argument.

      Controlling Idea

      Establishes a claim and attempts to support an argument but is not convincing.

      (L2) Attempts to acknowledge competing arguments.


      Reasoning is not clear; examples or explanations are weak or irrelevant.

      (L3) Connection is weak or not relevant.


      Provides an ineffective structure; composition does not address requirements of the prompt.


      Demonstrates a weak command of standard English conventions; lacks cohesion; language and tone are not appropriate to audience and purpose.

  • Appendix
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