Discipline: ELA

Grade Level: 8

Course: Communication Arts

©Literacy Design Collaborative. September 2011

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Extended Metaphors in Walt Whitman’s “O Captain! My Captain!”
  • Skills Cluster 1: Preparing for the Task
    • Skill Definition

      Bridging Conversation

      Ability to connect the task and new content to existing knowledge, skills, experiences, interests, and concerns.

      Task Analysis

      Ability to understand and explain the task’s prompt and rubric.  

      Project Planning

      Ability to plan so that the task is accomplished on time.

  • Skills Cluster 2: Reading Process
    • Skill Definition

      Reading “Habits of Mind”

      Ability to select appropriate texts and understand necessary reading strategies needed for the task.

      Essential Vocabulary

      Ability to apply strategies for developing an understanding of a text by locating words and phrases that identify key concepts and facts, or information. 

      Note Taking

      Ability to read purposefully and select relevant information; to summarize and/or paraphrase.  

      Organizing Notes

      Ability to prioritize and narrow notes and other information.

  • Skills Cluster 3: Transition to Writing
    • Skill Definition

      Bridging Conversation

      Ability to transition from reading or researching phase to the writing phase.

  • Skills Cluster 4: Writing Process
    • Skill Definition

      Initiation of task

      Ability to establish a controlling idea and consolidate information relevant to task.


      Ability to develop a line of thought and text structure appropriate to an argumentation task.


      Ability to construct an initial draft with an emerging line of thought and structure.


      Ability to apply revision strategies to refine development of argument, including line of thought, language usage, and tone as appropriate to audience and purpose.


      Ability to apply editing strategies and presentation applications.

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