Discipline: ELA

Grade Level: 8

Course: Communication Arts

©Literacy Design Collaborative. September 2011

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Extended Metaphors in Walt Whitman’s “O Captain! My Captain!”
What
Results?
  • Student Work Samples
    • Within the Literacy Design Collaborative (LDC) framework, student work samples answer the critical question, "What Results?" The inclusion of student work within the module design provides teachers insight into how to improve the quality of the teaching task and the feedback they give on student strengths and challenges.

  • Argumentation Assessment Rubric
    • Meets Expectations

      Focus

      Addresses the prompt and stays on task; provides a generally convincing response.

      Reading/Research

      Demonstrates generally effective use of reading material to develop an argument.

      Controlling Idea

      Establishes a credible claim, and supports an argument that is logical and generally convincing.

      (L2) Acknowledges competing arguments while defending the claim.

      Development

      Develops reasoning to support claim; provides evidence from text in the form of examples or explanations relevant to the argument.

      (L3) Makes a relevant connection(s) that supports argument.

      Organization

      Applies an appropriate text structure to address specific requirements of the prompt.

      Conventions

      Demonstrates a command of standard English conventions and cohesion; employs language and tone appropriate to audience and purpose.

      Not Yet

      Focus

      Attempts to address prompt but lacks focus or is off- task.

      Reading/Research

      Demonstrates weak use of reading material to develop argument.

      Controlling Idea

      Establishes a claim and attempts to support an argument but is not convincing.

      (L2) Attempts to acknowledge competing arguments.

      Development

      Reasoning is not clear; examples or explanations are weak or irrelevant.

      (L3) Connection is weak or not relevant.

      Organization

      Provides an ineffective structure; composition does not address requirements of the prompt.

      Conventions

      Demonstrates a weak command of standard English conventions; lacks cohesion; language and tone are not appropriate to audience and purpose.

  • Teacher Work Section
    • Here are added thoughts about teaching this module:

      Students who need special accommodations in regards to reading and writing received guided instruction during independent note taking and were given an adapted outline prior to writing their paper.

      Teacher designated the students to complete the L2 and L3 assignments.

      Possible variations. Add ideas for spin-offs or extensions to the module.

      Revision of task: Does Walt Whitman adequately portray the sense of loss felt by Americans after Abraham Lincoln’s assassination? After reading “O Captain! My Captain!” write an essay that addresses the question and support your position with evidence from the text(s). L2 Be sure to acknowledge competing views. L3 Give examples from past or current events or issues to illustrate and clarify your position.

      Another option: Are the extended metaphors in the poem adequate symbols of Lincoln’s presidency and assassination? After reading “O Captain! My Captain!” write an essay that addresses the question and support your position with evidence from the text(s). L2 Be sure to acknowledge competing views. L3 Give examples from past or current events or issues to illustrate and clarify your position.

  • Appendix
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