Discipline: History

Grade Level: 9

Course: 9th Grade History

©Literacy Design Collaborative. September 2011

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Ideologies of the 19th Century
  • Skills List for Critical Essay
    • Skill Definition


      Students learn two formal essay structures in the fall, which requires them to utilize historical information from selected sources. A resource is “Elements of Good Historical Writing.”  Reading of texts is done two weeks before assigning the module. During the module students re-read previous texts during the research phase.

  • Skills Cluster 1: Classroom Pre-Instruction
    • Skill Definition

      1. Bridging Conversation

      Ability to understand the task and the content and skills necessary to complete the task. 

      2. Project Planning

      Ability to plan the task so that it is accomplished on time.

  • Skills Cluster 2: Reading & Planning Process
    • Skill Definition

      1. Controlling idea (argumentation)

      Ability to establish a claim based on task. (R, W) 

      2. Active Reading & Annotation/ Note Taking

      Ability to use active reading skills to conduct research; to read purposefully and select relevant information; to summarize and paraphrase. (R,W)

      3. Essential Vocabulary

      Ability to apply strategies for developing an understanding of a text by locating words and phrases that identify key concepts and facts, or information. (R)

      4. Outlining

      Ability to rethink or refine claim and logic; ability to decide what to include and what not to include in preparation for writing.  (R, W)

  • Skills Cluster 3: Drafting Process
    • Skill Definition

      1. Initial Draft

      Ability to write an initial draft complete with an opening, development, and closing; ability to insert and cite textual evidence. (W)

      2. Revision of Multiple Drafts

      Ability to apply revision strategies to refine development of claim, structure, including line of thought, language usage, and tone as appropriate to audience and purpose; to ensure relevant citation. (W, R)

      3. Editing & Proofreading

      Ability to proofread and apply editing strategies and/or presentation applications. (W,R)

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