Science Objects are two hour on-line interactive inquiry-based content modules that help teachers better understand the science content they teach. This Science Object is the first of four Science Objects in the Interdependence of Life in Ecosystems SciPack. It explores organisms and their environments.
All organisms, including human beings, live within and depend on the resources in their environment. These resources include both living (biotic) factors such as food and nonliving (abiotic) factors such as air and water. The size and rate of growth of the population of any species, including humans, are affected by these environmental factors. In turn, these environmental factors are affected by the size and rate of growth of a population. Populations are limited in growth to the carrying capacity of the ecosystem, which is the amount of life any environmental system can support with its available space, energy, water, and food.
Identify and describe biotic and abiotic factors that influence the size and growth rate of a specific population in a particular environment.
Describe possible immediate and long-term effects on an individual population that exceeds the carrying capacity of its environment.
Given a line graph displaying an individual population size and its rate of growth, infer the carrying capacity of the environment for that population.