Tone: The way something is expressed to convey mood or emotion. For example, changes in pitch to communicate different meanings.

Resources for this term:
Ancient India and China
Ancient India and China

Ancient India and China both developed along river valleys and became flourishing civilizations. This module will explore the geography, culture/customs, and the government of these two civilizations. Students will then draw conclusions or make implications in regard to the development and longevity of one of the cultures and how it developed with its own unique government and culture/customs. Students will be assigned one culture for research, and through shared presentations, students will be exposed to both cultures.

Plastics…to Use or Not to Use?
Plastics…to Use or Not to Use?

Students will construct an argumentation piece that defends their position on the widely debated topic of the use of plastic water bottles and storage containers for drinks and foods. The unit of study, within which this module happens to fall, is chemical bonding. Students have been discussing three types of chemical bonding: ionic, covalent, and metallic, and how this type of bonding affects the structure of matter. Students will construct a piece defending their position, as well as using their knowledge of chemical bonding and compounds to explain either the benefits or the harmful effects of using plastics to contain our everyday foods and drinks.

Using Classification to Investigate Living Organisms
Using Classification to Investigate Living Organisms

Students will be able to investigate the diversity of living organisms and how they can be compared scientifically. They will recognize the organisms' characteristics and classify them into specific domains and kingdoms based upon the physical characteristics they observe.

Stranger in the Village: Informational
Stranger in the Village: Informational

This 12th grade English Language Arts module uses Template Task 21, along with text, film, and photography resources, to address the theme "stranger in the village." Texts aligned with this theme include characters or subjects that are isolated or different from others in their respective societies. Students will analyze how writers and artists organize or construct text to convey meaning and to relay this specific message.

Extended Metaphors in Walt Whitman’s “O Captain! My Captain!”
Extended Metaphors in Walt Whitman’s “O Captain! My Captain!”

“O Captain! My Captain!” is one of Walt Whitman’s most famous poems. Whitman not only expresses his own grief over the loss of Abraham Lincoln, but also represents the somber feelings of many Americans during a time when they otherwise would have been celebrating the Union’s Civil War victory. Whitman uses a number of extended metaphors – most notably comparing Lincoln to the captain of a ship – to speak for the nation. Using Template Task 2, 8th grade students determine if Whitman was justified in his comparisons.

Alexander the Great: Was He or Wasn’t He a Great Military Leader?
Alexander the Great: Was He or Wasn’t He a Great Military Leader?

*EXEMPLAR MODULE* Throughout history, military leaders have led conquests in an effort to increase their own or their country’s power. Some of the most exceptional of these leaders have been assigned the label “great” and continue to be featured in lessons on both history and military strategy. Students read a variety of informational and persuasive texts to analyze Alexander the Great’s success in battle and the influence that his success had on countless military commanders who followed, arguing the degree of greatness of this young Macedonian king by answering Template Task 2.

The Individual and the Community: My Responsibilities in a Time of Crisis
The Individual and the Community: My Responsibilities in a Time of Crisis

This is a middle school social studies module that addresses the relationship between the individual and society (one and many): specifically, what are the individual’s responsibilities with regard to the “social good”? This module is built around the Paideia method and the Socratic seminar.

The Cold War
The Cold War

Students will read primary sources to help gain understanding of the Cold War from 1945 to 1975. Major themes explored in the unit include political decisions and actions of the U.S. and foreign governments, military strategies, and reactions of American Society. Students will use the knowledge of the time period and evidence from primary source documents to write a rough draft of an argumentation essay in response to the teaching task. Students will complete the teaching task in preparation for a final classroom assessment task. Students will learn most of the content first and complete the literacy module at the end of the unit.

Comparing Economic Systems
Comparing Economic Systems

*EXEMPLAR MODULE* Every society operates with a mixed economic system, combining the influences of market and command models in order to form a functioning economy and government. Individual countries have unique combinations of the market and command influences depending on how countries prioritize different economic goals. Students will learn the characteristics of the market and command systems and evaluate the benefits and consequences of each system.

A Cinderella Comparison
A Cinderella Comparison

Students will compare various cultures and gain an understanding of what is important in different cultures, through analyzing various versions of the fairy tale Cinderella.

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